くま、北条政子のことを考える Kuma thinks of Hōjō Masako


Tsurugaoka HachimangūTsurugaoka HachimangūTsurugaoka Hachimangū鎌倉鶴岡八幡宮へ行った。鶴岡八幡宮は、古都、鎌倉で最も重要な神社である。
I went to Tsurugaoka Hachimangū in Kamakura. Tsurugaoka Hachimangū is the most important Shinto shrine in the historic city of Kamakura. The shrine is at the geographical and cultural centre of the city.

Tsurugaoka HachimangūTsurugaoka Hachimangū鶴岡八幡宮は、元々は、1063年に材木座に石清水八幡宮の分社として建てられ、八幡三神(応神天皇(弓矢と戦の神)、神功皇后、比売神)に奉献された。鎌倉幕府の創始者である源頼朝が、1191年に社を現在の場所に移し、彼の幕府を守護するために八幡神を住まうよう招いた。そして、頼朝と言えば北条政子。政子は頼朝の正妻であり、政子と頼朝は(宮川大助・花子さえしのぐ)おしどり夫婦であった。政子は、頼朝の死後、頭髪を剃り、尼さんになった。しかし、政治の強力な権力は維持した。政子は、尼将軍として知られている。未亡人は強い。ちなみに、くまの母親マサコも未亡人だが強い。
Tsurugaoka Hachimangū was originally built as a branch of Iwashimizu Shrine in Zaimokuza in 1063 and was dedicated to the Emperor Ōjin, (deified with the name Hachiman, the syncretic divinity of archery and war), his mother Empress Jingu and his wife Hime-gami. Minamoto no Yoritomo (the founder of the Kamakura shogunate) moved the shrine to the present site in 1191 and invited Hachiman to reside to protect his government. Consequently I associate Hōjō Masako with Minamoto no Yoritomo. Hōjō Masako was his wife and they were a close couple of lovebirds (even closer than Hanako and Daisuke Miyagawa). She shaved her head and became a Buddhist nun after the death of her husband. And yet she kept her strong power in politics. She was known as the ama-shōgun (the nun-shogun). I think widows are strong. Incidentally my mother Masako is also a widow and strong.


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